COBRA is Now Free and Very Complicated
Late last week, President Biden signed the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 (“ARPA”), which makes COBRA continuation coverage free for certain qualifying-individuals and their families from April 1, 2021 to September 30, 2021. This free coverage is available to those who lose group health plan coverage because either:
- they are terminated (not including resignations); or
- their hours are reduced.
So, all you have to do is remember this for those who become eligible for COBRA for one of these two reasons from April 1, 2021 to September 30, 2021, right? No, it is not that easy. This free coverage is also available to those who already lost coverage because of one of these two reasons and who could have had COBRA coverage during the period from April 1, 2021 to September 30, 2021 (“Expired COBRA Participants”). Expired COBRA Participants would include those who either failed to elect COBRA coverage during their normal 60-day (but now-expired) election period and those who elected COBRA coverage but discontinued that coverage before April 1, 2021. Expired COBRA Participants would likely include individuals going all the way back to November of 2019.
New Election Period. Expired COBRA Participants have a new 60-day election period that begins April 1, 2021 to newly-elect COBRA, but this does not extend their normal COBRA period (e.g., if they were entitled to 18 months of COBRA because of a termination of employment that occurred in November of 2019, their coverage would still expire April 2021).
New Notice Requirement. Employers are required to notify the individuals described above of this new free coverage and its availability, including Expired COBRA Participants. The ARPA requires the federal government to issue a model notice for this purpose by April 10, 2021.
Bottom Line. We suggest you immediately get with your COBRA administrator and make sure they are on top of these new rules. You will want to identify individuals who could have been entitled to COBRA (because of job loss or reduction in hours) during the period from April 1, 2021 to September 30, 2021 – including Expired COBRA Participants – because you are going to have to give them a new notice and a new election period. Given the very complicated guidance (DOL Notice 2021-01) we received a few weeks ago that basically gives every COBRA-qualifying individual their own one-year extended period to elect COBRA coverage, and that guidance’s own notice requirements (in addition to that described above), COBRA is now free and very complicated.
If you have any questions, including any questions about how the subsidy will be paid to the plan or plan sponsor, please let us know.
Brandon Long is an experienced, AV Preeminent-rated employee benefits attorney and the leader of McAfee & Taft's Employee Benefits and Executive Compensation Group.
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